The Aviz Dynasty
This was the second dynasty to rule in Portugal, between 1385 and 1581.
The Kings who belonged to this dynasty were the following:
King João I, Master of Aviz, from 1385 to 1433
King Duarte, from 1433 to 1438
King Afonso V, from 1438 to 1481
King João II, from 1481 to 1495
King Manuel I, from 1495 to 1521
King João III, from 1521 to 1557
King Sebastião, from 1557 to 1578
King Henrique, from 1578 to 1580
King António, from 1580 to 1581
All of its members were important, but special mention should be given to King João I and his children for the grand scale of their achievements in the areas of maritime expansion, culture and the arts and, what’s more, in the innovative methods they used to govern the country.
Those in question are King Duarte, King Pedro, King Henrique, King João and King Fernando, commonly known as the Illustrious Generation, as Camões would so call them in his Os Lusíadas.
King João I was married to Queen Filipa de Lencastre and both of them did their utmost to ensure their children were educated in a wide variety of areas, thus leading them to write and translate literary works which would come to be recognised for their great historical importance.
The Illustrious Generation were all laid to rest, with the exception of King Duarte, who built his own pantheon, in the Founder’s Chapel of the Monastery of Batalha, the first Royal Pantheon ever built in Portugal.